Psychologists

Psychotherapists

Psychoanalysts

Psychiatrists

What kind of training must they have?

  • They must have a degree in psychology (following a 5-year course according to the old system; or a master’s degree following a 2-year course, preceded by a bachelor’s degree, with a 3-year course, according to the new system)
  • They must have participated in a one-year post-graduate clinical placement and passed the official examination for admission to the profession

They must be on the register of psychologists and be members of the psychologists’ professional association

They may be psychologists or medical practitioners (with or without specialization in psychiatry)
Subsequently they must have:

  • either attended a 4-year postgraduate course, participating in a post-graduate clinical placement, and passed the course’s final examinations
  • or successfully completed a 4-year post-graduate course in clinical psychology
  • They must have obtained a degree in medicine, psychology (sometimes also in philosophy and arts)
  • They must have participated in psychoanalytical training for at least four years under the guidance of recognized schools
  • They must have undergone personal psychoanalysis for several years and received psychoanalytic training
  • They must have a degree in medicine
  • They must have passed the official examination for admission to the medical profession
  • They must have completed a post-graduate course in psychiatry

 

What can they do?

Prevention, test diagnosis, support and counselling, teaching, qualification-rehabilitation, experimentation, research with non-therapeutic aims

Psychotherapy, diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems, psychic disorders, mental illnesses: they intervene in order to cure mental, emotional and behavioural disorders

They intervene with psychoanalytical psychotherapy

Treatment of psychiatric illnesses through discussions with patients (non-psychotherapeutic!) and the use of psychotropic drugs

What can’t   they do?

  • Therapeutic treatment: they are not allowed to treat patients
  • Prescribe drugs and give medical advice

Psychotherapy (unless they have completed a 4-year post-graduate course or have a university degree in clinical psychology)

  • Prescribe drugs and give medical treatment unless they are also medical practitioners/ psychiatrists

 

  • Prescribe drugs and give medical treatment unless they are also medical practitioners / psychiatrists

 

  • Psychotherapy (unless they have completed a 4-year post-graduate course)

 

What type of treatment do they offer?

Support and counselling, psychological tests, relaxation techniques

They don’t use a couch, but treat psychic disorders through the use of the spoken word

They use a couch and base their technique on free association, analysis of transference, countertransference and dreams

Uses pharmacological treatment and a medical approach to the problem